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Ommatotriton ophryticus male
Ommatotriton ophryticus male
O. ophryticus female and young
O. ophryticus female and young
Ommatotriton ophryticus
Ommatotriton ophryticus

Accepted name: Ommatotriton ophryticus Berthold, 1846
Common name: Banded Newt
Georgian name: მცირეაზიური ტრიტონი
Synonyms: Ommatotriton vittatus, Triturus vittatus
Taxonomic rank: Species
Taxonomy according to: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/
Reference: D. Tarkhnishvili & R. Gokhelashvili, 1999. The Amphibians of the Caucasus. Pensoft, Sofia.
Remark:

Ommatotriton is a distinct taxon with a limited Asia Minor and Caucasian distribution. Recent genetic data suggest that it does not build a monophyletic group with other newts formerly included in the genus Triturus. Outgroup of Ommatotriton is a wide-spread W Palaearctic group Triturus cristatus-T.marmoratus (genus Triturus s.str), separated from Ommatotriton over 10 MYBP (Zajc & Arntzen, 1999). Ommatotriton comprises of two species - O. vittatus from the Middle East and O. ophryticus  from the western half of the Caucasus Isthmus and southern coast of the Black Sea.

The species is common in Georgia. It inhabits mountain forest belt and alpine grasslands close to the upper timberline. Any kind of stagnant and slowly running waters. Breeding in April-June, some males stay in water throughout the year. Female deposits up to several hundreds of eggs wrapping them in live or fallen grasses and water plants. Male crest is higher than in any other newts.


Distribution: Western Great and Lesser Caucasus, east to the line Tbilisi - Telavi
IUCN Status: NT
National Red list status: LC
Editor/Contact Person: David Tarkhnishvili
Contact address: david_tarkhnishvili@iliauni.edu.ge

Ommatotriton ophryticus is recorded at 34 localities:

Goderdzi, (lat: 41.642, lon: 42.563 ),  Goderdzi Subalp 3d, (lat: 41.634, lon: 42.554 ),  Charnali 1, (lat: 41.556, lon: 41.611 ),  Aider1, (lat: 40.933, lon: 41.142 ),  Chiantba, (lat: 41.918, lon: 45.370 ),  Jvari, (lat: 41.839, lon: 44.740 ),  Chilitba, (lat: 41.812, lon: 44.678 ),  Tskhneti, (lat: 41.686, lon: 44.673 ),  Samadlo, (lat: 41.672, lon: 44.637 ),  Tsodoreti, (lat: 41.766, lon: 44.630 ),  Satovle2, (lat: 41.795, lon: 44.592 ),  Satovle1, (lat: 41.790, lon: 44.580 ),  Lelobi, (lat: 41.786, lon: 44.564 ),  Gudauri, (lat: 42.463, lon: 44.488 ),  DIDGORI, (lat: 41.726, lon: 44.457 ),  Ertatsminda, (lat: 41.842, lon: 44.304 ),  Pitsesi, (lat: 41.864, lon: 44.228 ),  Nedzvi2, (lat: 41.876, lon: 43.525 ),  Iagoras-veli, (lat: 41.752, lon: 43.518 ),  Nedzvi1, (lat: 41.889, lon: 43.516 ),  Kakhisi3, (lat: 41.766, lon: 43.356 ),  Kakhisi1, (lat: 41.774, lon: 43.351 ),  Kakhisi2, (lat: 41.766, lon: 43.349 ),  Kakhisi4, (lat: 41.756, lon: 43.344 ),  Erusheti6, (lat: 41.633, lon: 42.712 ),  Erusheti5, (lat: 41.632, lon: 42.694 ),  Erisheti1, (lat: 41.640, lon: 42.674 ),  Erusheti3, (lat: 41.614, lon: 42.648 ),  Erusheti2, (lat: 41.614, lon: 42.629 ),  Erusheti4, (lat: 41.622, lon: 42.626 ),  Karagol, (lat: 41.384, lon: 41.855 ),  mtsvane kontskhi, (lat: 41.707, lon: 41.723 ),  Charnali, (lat: 41.557, lon: 41.610 ),  Kvemo Kartli, Georgia, (lat: 41.777801, lon: 44.104248, precision: <100),  




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Citation: David Tarkhnishvili, 2015-06-08. [http://www.biodiversity-georgia.net/index.php?taxon=Ommatotriton ophryticus]. .Ommatotriton ophryticus. in: Tarkhnishvili D, Chaladze G (Editors). 2013. Georgian biodiversity database. http://www.biodiversity-georgia.net/. Downloaded on: 1 March 2021