Accepted name: Pelobates syriacus Boettger, 1889
Common name: Syrian Spadefoot Toad
Georgian name: სირიული მყვარი
Synonyms: Pelobates fuscus (Nikolsky, 1913)
Taxonomic rank: Species
Taxonomy according to: www.faunaeur.org
Reference: D. Tarkhnishvili & R. Gokhelashvili, 1999. The Amphibians of the Caucasus. Pensoft, Sofia.
East Mediterranean species, a sister species of wide-spread European P. fuscus, although with over 7-8 millions of years period of independent evolution (Veith et al., 2006). Lives in open landscape, prefering clay soils. Breeds in relatively deep (at least 40-50 cm) and stable ponds and pools. Although not a rare animal, is very rarely seen, because conducts extremely hidden mode of life. Endters water for only few days in spring. Egg clumps cord-shaped, but eggs light-brown different from the toad eggs. Tadpoles in June become very large, with a maximum body size of almost chicken-egg size.
Distribution: Balkans, Near East, the Caucasus. Valleys of Kura and Aras to Tbilisi in NW, Caspian coast to the border between Russian Federation and Azerbaijan in N.
IUCN Status: LC
National Red list status: VU
Editor/Contact Person: David Tarkhnishvili
Contact address: firstname.lastname@example.org
View Pelobates syriacus in Fauna Europaea
Kuzmin, S.L. 1995. Die Amphibien Russlands und Angrenzender Gebiete. Westarp – Spektrum, Magdeburg - Heidelberg.
Kuzmin, S.L. 1996. Threatened amphibians in the former Soviet Union: the current situation and the main threats. Oryx: 24-30.
Tarkhnishvili, D., Kandaurov, A. and Bukhinishvili, A. 2002. Declines of amphibians and reptiles in Georgia during the 20th century: virtual vs. actual problems. Zeitschrift für Feldherpetologie: 89-107.
Tarkhnishvili, D.N. and Gokhelashvili, R.K. 1999. The amphibians of the Caucasus.Advances in Amphibian Research in the Former Soviet Union: 1-229.
Tarkhnishvili, D., Serbinova, I., Gavashelishvili, A. 2009. Modelling the range of Syrian spadefoot toad (Pelobates syriacus) with combination of GIS-based approaches. Amphibia-Reptilia 30: 401-412.
1995. Amphibian Populations in the Commonwealth of Independent States: Current Status and Declines. Pensoft, Moscow.
Citation: David Tarkhnishvili, 2015-06-08. [http://www.biodiversity-georgia.net/index.php?taxon=Pelobates syriacus]. .Pelobates syriacus. in: Tarkhnishvili D, Chaladze G (Editors). 2013. Georgian biodiversity database. http://www.biodiversity-georgia.net/. Downloaded on: 19 September 2017