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Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana
Vipera transcaucasiana
Vipera  transcaucasiana

Accepted name: Vipera transcaucasiana Boulenger, 1913
Common name: Transcaucasian Sand Viper
Georgian name: ცხვირრქოსანი გველგესლა
Synonyms: Vipera ammodytes ssp. transcaucasiana
Taxonomic rank: Species
Taxonomy according to: http://www.reptile-database.org/
Reference: Tarkhnishvili, D., A. Kandaurov & A. Bukhnikashvili, 2002. Declines of amphibians and reptiles in Georgia during the 20th century: virtual vs. actual problems. Zeitschrift fur Feldherpetologie 9: 89-107.
Remark:

The species is closely related to sand viper (Vipera ammodytes) from Balkans west to Central Europe, although differs by coloration pattern and is smaller. Up to the recent time it was assumed to be a geographic subspecies, V. ammodytes transcaucasiana, although recently its taxonomic status has been elevated. Because the range of the species is isolated and widely separated from other forms of the sand viper, strictly speaking, it can be nominated as an evolutionary species.


Distribution: The species has narrow range going from the Lesser Caucasus (Trialeti and east of Meskheti Ranges) to mountains of the eastern Turkey.
National Red list status: DD
Editor/Contact Person: David Tarkhnishvili
Contact address: david_tarkhnishvili@iliauni.edu.ge

Vipera transcaucasiana is recorded at 19 localities:

Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Georgia, (lat: 41.764497, lon: 44.581826, precision: <100),  Adjara, Georgia, (lat: 41.535144, lon: 42.330175, precision: <100),  Tashiskari, Shida Kartli, (lat: 41.950363, lon: 43.497909, precision: <100),  Kvabiskhevi, Samtskhe-Javakheti, (lat: 41.781452, lon: 43.242512, precision: <100),  Shida Kartli, Georgia, (lat: 41.865045, lon: 43.928078, precision: <100),  Patara Toneti, Kvemo Kartli, (lat: 41.660036, lon: 44.451847, precision: <100),  Didgori, Tbilisi, (lat: 41.646248, lon: 44.685816, precision: <100),  Gori, (lat: 41.967749, lon: 44.070205, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by N. Bulbulashvili,  Abastumani, (lat: 41.773416, lon: 42.835978, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by Alisa Sanakoeva,  Kojori, (lat: 41.647648, lon: 44.711487, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by D. Tarkhnishvili,  Chitakhevi, (lat: 41.789989, lon: 43.300242, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by Vakhtang Janjghava,  Ateni Gorge, (lat: 41.890681, lon: 44.013247, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by Nika Vacheishvili,  Rkoni, (lat: 41.813226, lon: 44.228995, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by Lasha Zubiashvili,  Manglisi, (lat: 41.696154, lon: 44.373127, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by Koba Naroushvili,  Bevreti, (lat: 41.748947, lon: 44.584817, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by D. Tarkhnishvili,  Birtvisi, (lat: 41.610052, lon: 44.533854, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by Sophie Alex Bagauri,  Kareli, (lat: 42.020754, lon: 43.878383, precision: >500m),  Armazi gorge, (lat: 41.831839, lon: 44.679469, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by Vato Gogilashvili,  Zemo Tskluleti, (lat: 41.713448, lon: 44.580412, precision: >500m), Comment: personal observation by Giorgi Tezelashvili,  




Bibliography:

1. Мусхелишвили Т. А. 1970. Пресмыкающиеся Восточной Грузии. 

2. Tarkhnishvili, D., A. Kandaurov & A. Bukhnikashvili, 2002. Declines of amphibians and reptiles in Georgia during the 20th century: virtual vs. actual problems. Zeitschrift fur Feldherpetologie 9: 89-107.


Citation: David Tarkhnishvili, 2020-03-19. [http://www.biodiversity-georgia.net/index.php?taxon=Vipera transcaucasiana]. .Vipera transcaucasiana. in: Tarkhnishvili D, Chaladze G (Editors). 2013. Georgian biodiversity database. http://www.biodiversity-georgia.net/. Downloaded on: 15 July 2020